Salernitana Calcio 1919, commonly referred to as simply Salernitana, is an Italian professional football club from Salerno, Campania. Founded in 1919, Salernitana have spent the vast majority of their history bouncing between the Serie B and Serie C levels of Italian football. The club will compete in Serie B for the 2009–10 season. On April 27, 2008 they mathematically won the league title of Serie C1, thus ensuring a place in Serie B for the 2008–09 season.
In their earliest years, Salernitana competed in the Italian Football Championship when it was competed on a regional basis, they played at this level for four seasons during the 1920s. Since that time the club returned to the top level of Italian football twice; they played in Serie A during 1947–48 and 1998–99.
Salernitana, who wear an all-maroon kit, have had several name changes since they first appeared in 1919; one was after a merger with Audax Salerno. The most recent change was in 2005, when the club went bankrupt but were refounded by Antonio Lombardi. However, they were forced to give up their Salernitana Sport name for the present one.